The national letter of intent (NLI) is an important document in the sports recruiting world. Used to communicate a student-athlete's commitment to playing for an NCAA college or university, the NLI kicks off the relationship between student-athletes and coaches.
In this post, we’ll discuss NLIs in depth, and help you understand why they matter and what you need to learn about them.
Let’s dive in.
An NLI has two primary purposes. In it…
As it stands now, the NCAA Eligibility Center handles the NLI program’s daily operations while the Collegiate Commissioners Association (CCA) oversees the program.
Contrary to popular belief, the National Letter of Intent is not actually affiliated directly with the NCAA. Instead, the Collegiate Commissioners Association created the agreement to protect students and colleges and guarantee that neither party backs out once the agreement is signed.
Each sport has specified signing dates, which are commonly called “signing days.”
While the COVID-19 pandemic impacted college recruiting practices and timelines, things are going back to normal in 2021.
NCAA D1 schools returned to normal recruiting rules on June 1, 2021, while D2 and D3 schools returned to regular recruiting rules September 1, 2020. Additionally, the NCAA recently removed SAT/ACT requirements from their academic eligibility requirements.
For football and basketball student-athletes, the signing periods were extended following COVID-19. The D1 football signing period began February 3, 2021 and will end August 1, 2021. The D1 basketball signing began April 14, 2021 and will end August 1, 2021.
If the NLI is the start of the student/institutioni relationship, what happens once the student signs the said document?
The most important aspect of the NLI program is that it places a recruiting freeze on coaches after a student-athlete signs the NLI. This means that other colleges, athletic directors, and coaches must completely stop trying to recruit a student-athlete once that student has signed an NLI at a different college.
Additionally, there are penalties for students who break their NLI agreements.
If the NLI agreement is not fulfilled, the student-athlete must serve one year in residence at their next NLI member institution. They are also required to surrender one full season of play in all college sports.
NLIs only apply to prospective student-athletes who are entering a four-year institution for the first time during the academic year after signing. To receive financial aid, student-athletes who have signed an NLI must attend the school with which they have signed.
Once the student completes an NLI, it is faxed by the would-be student-athlete to the university's athletic department. The NLI is a voluntary program for both institutions and student-athletes. No would-be student-athlete is required to sign the NLI, and institutions are not required to join the program.
While NLIs seem straightforward, they have an important impact on recruiting. Once a student has signed an NLI, NCAA rules prevent coaches from recruiting them further or trying to “headhunt” student-athletes from competitor schools.
This provision provides certainty for both players and Universities. Players, for their part, are sure to receive financial aid as long as they honor their signed NLI. Universities, coaches, and athletic directors, on the other hand, get the guarantee that a recruit will attend their school.
Unlike a verbal commitment, an NLI is a legally-binding document that protects both student-athletes and universities.
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